Water (ρ=1000 kg/m^3) flows horizontally through a nozzle into the atmosphere under the conditions given below. (assume steady-state flow).

**At inlet: **
A1 = 10^−3 m^2
V1 = 2 m/sec
P1 = 3×10^5 Pa(gauge)

**At outlet:**

A2 = 10^-4 m^2

P2 = Patm

Determine the external horizontal force needed to keep the nozzle